Ocean Observing Systems

  • O2/N2 Ration and CO2 Airborne Southern Ocean Study (ORCAS)
    |The O2/N2 Ratio and CO2 Airborne Southern Ocean (ORCAS) Study was an NSF sponsored airborne field campaign with research flights from Punta Arenas, Chile during January and February of 2016.

  • Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS)
    GOOS is a permanent global system for observations, modelling, and analysis of marine and ocean variables to support operational ocean services worldwide.

  • Southern Ocean Observing System (SOOS)
    SOOS is an international initiative with the mission to coordinate and expand the efforts of all nations and programmes that gather data from the Southern Ocean

  • OceanSITES
    OceanSITES is a worldwide system of long-term, deepwater reference stations measuring dozens of variables and monitoring the full depth of the ocean from air-sea interactions down to 5,000 meters.

  • Global Ocean Ship-Based Hydrographic Investigations Program (GO-SHIP)
    The Global Ocean Ship-based Hydrographic Investigations Program (GO-SHIP) brings together scientists with interests in physical oceanography, the carbon cycle, marine biogeochemistry and ecosystems, and other users and collectors of ocean interior data to develop a sustained global network of hydrographic sections as part of the Global Ocean/Climate Observing System. GO-SHIP is sponsored by the IOCCP and CLIVAR, in collaboration with IMBER, SOLAS, Argo, and OceanSITES.

Carbon Cycle Investigations

  • US Ocean Carbon and Biogeochemistry (US-OCB)
    The scientific mission of OCB is to study the evolving role of the ocean in the global carbon cycle, in the face of environmental variability and change.

  • International Ocean Carbon Coordination Project (IOCCP)
    The IOCCP is a communication and coordination service that promotes the development of a network of ocean carbon observations for research.

  • U.S. Carbon Cycle Science Program (USCCSP)
    The USCCSP is clarifying the changes, magnitudes and distributions of carbon sources and sinks, the fluxes between the major terrestrial, oceanic and atmospheric carbon reservoirs, and the underlying mechanisms involved including humans, fossil fuel emissions, land use, and climate.

  • Integrated Marine Biogeochemistry and Ecosystem Research (IMBER)
    IMBER is an international project that aims to investigate the sensitivity of marine biogeochemical cycles and ecosystems to global change, on time scales ranging from years to decades.

  • Surface Ocean-Lower Atmosphere Study (SOLAS)
    The primary objective of SOLAS is to achieve quantitative understanding of the key biogeochemical-physical interactions and feedbacks between the ocean and atmosphere, and of how this coupled system affects and is affected by climate and environmental change.

Climate Variability Research Programs

Oceanographic Data Centers