SOCCOM Publications

SOCCOM Publications

Peer-reviewed publications

SOCCOM authors should acknowledge NSF support with the following statement:

“This work was sponsored by NSF’s Southern Ocean Carbon and Climate Observations and Modeling (SOCCOM) Project under the NSF Award PLR-1425989, with additional support from NOAA and NASA.  Logistical support for this project in the Antarctic was provided by the U.S. National Science Foundation through the U.S. Antarctic Program."


  1. "Assessment of Export Efficiency Equations in the Southern Ocean Applied to Satellite‐Based Net Primary Production"
    Arteaga, L., N. Haëntjens, E. Boss, K.S. Johnson, and J.L. Sarmiento.  J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, doi: 10.1002/2018JC013787

  2. "Lagrangian Timescales of Southern Ocean Upwelling in a Hierarchy of Model Resolutions"
    Drake, H.F., A.K. Morrison, S.M. Griffies, J.L. Sarmiento, W. Weijer, and A.R. Gray. Geophysical Research Letters, 45, 891–898.  doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/2017GL076045

  3. "Transformation of Deep Water Masses Along Lagrangian Upwelling Pathways in the Southern Ocean"
    Tamsitt, V.,  R. P. Abernathey, M. R. Mazloff, J. Wang, L. D. Talley.  J. Geophys. Res. Oceans,
    doi: 10.1002/2017JC013409

  4. "Metrics for the Evaluation of the Southern Ocean in Coupled Climate Models and Earth System Models"
    Russell, J.R., I. Kamenkovich, C. Bitz, R. Ferrari, S.T. Gille  P.J. Goodman, R. Hallberg, K. Johnson  K. Khazmutdinova, I. Marinov, M. Mazloff, S. Riser, J.L. Sarmiento  Kevin Speer  Lynne D. Talley  and R. Wanninkhof. J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, doi: 10.1002/2017JC013461

  5. "Physical and biological drivers of biogeochemical tracers within the seasonal ice zone of the Southern Ocean from profiling floats"
    Briggs, E., T. R. Martz, L. D. Talley, M. R. Mazloff and K.S. Johnson. J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 123, doi: 10.1002/2017JC012846

  6. "Correlation Lengths for Estimating the Large-Scale Carbon and Heat Content of the Southern Ocean"
    Mazloff, M., B.D. Cornuelle, S.T. Gille, and A. Verdy (2018). J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 122. doi: 10.1002/2017JC013408

  7. "A Multi-variate Empirical Orthogonal Function Method to Construct Nitrate Maps in the Southern Ocean"
     Liang, Y., M.R. Mazloff, I. Rosso, S. Fang, and J. Yu,  J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol.

  8. "Interfacial form stress in the Southern Ocean state estimate"
    Masich, J., Mazloff, M. R., & Chereskin, T. K. (2018). Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 123. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018JC013844​​​

  9. "Estimating Oxygen in the Southern Ocean using Argo Temperature and Salinity"
    Giglio, D. , Lyubchich, V. and Mazloff, M. R. (2018), J. Geophys. Res. Oceans. Accepted Author Manuscript. . doi:10.1029/2017JC013404

  10. "What Fraction of the Pacific and Indian Oceans' Deep Water is formed in the North Atlantic?"
    Rae, J. W. B. and Broecker, W. Biogeosciences Discuss., in review, 2018.


  1. "Lagrangian ocean analysis: fundamentals and practices"
    van Sebille, E., S. M. Griffies, R. Abernathey, T. P. Adams, P. Berloff, A. Biastoch, B. Blanke, E. P. Chassignet, Y. Cheng, C. J. Cotter, E. Deleersnijder, K. Döös, H. Drake, S. Drijfhout, S. F. Gary, A. W. Heemink, J. Kjellsson, I. M. Koszalka, M. Lange, C. Lique, G. A. MacGilchrist, R. Marsh, C. G. Mayorga Adame, R. McAdam, F. Nencioli, C. B. Paris, M. D. Piggott, J. A. Polton, S. Rühs, S. H. A. M. Shah, M. D. Thomas, J. Wang, P. J. Wolfram, L. Zanna, J. D. Zika (2017).  Ocean Modeling, doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2017.11.008

  2. "CO2-induced ocean warming around the Antarctic ice sheet in an eddying global climate model"
    Goddard, P., C. O. Dufour, J. Yin, S. M. Griffies, and M. Winton (2017).  J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 122. doi:10.1002/2017JC012849

  3. "Space and time variability of the Southern Ocean carbon budget"
    Rosso, I, M.R. Mazloff, A. Verdy, and L.D. Talley (2017).  J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 122. doi:10.1002/2016JC012646

  4. "A data assimilating model for estimating Southern Ocean biogeochemistry"
     Verdy.A. and M.R. Mazloff (2017).  J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 122. doi:10.1002/2016JC012650

  5. "Observing System Simulation Experiments for an array of autonomous biogeochemical profiling  floats in the Southern Ocean"
    Kamenkovich, I., A. Haza, A. R. Gray, C. O. Dufour, Z. Garraffo (2017), J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 122. doi:10.1002/2017JC012819

  6. "Annual nitrate drawdown observed by SOCCOM profiling floats and the relationship to annual net community production"
    Johnson, K.S. J.N. Plant, L.D. Talley, J.L. Sarmiento (2017). J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 122, 6668–6683. doi:10.1002/2017JC012839

  7. "Biogeochemical sensor performance in the SOCCOM profiling float array"
    Johnson, K.S., J.N. Plant, L.J. Coletti, H.W. Jannasch, C.M. Sakamoto, S.C. Riser, D.D. Swift, N.L. Williams, E. Boss, N. Haëntjens, L.D. Talley, J.L. Sarmiento (2017).  J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 122, 6416–6436. doi: 10.1002/2017JC012838

  8. "Revisiting Ocean Color algorithms for chlorophyll a and particulate organic carbon in the Southern Ocean using biogeochemical floats"
    Haëntjens, N., E. S. Boss, L. D. Talley (2017). J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 122, 6583–6593. doi:10.1002/2017JC012844

  9. "Spiraling up: pathways of global deep waters to the surface of the Southern Ocean"
    Tamsitt, V., H. Drake , A. K. Morrison , L. D. Talley , C. O. Dufour , A. R. Gray, S. M. Griffies , M. R. Mazloff, J. L. Sarmiento , J. Wang , W. Weijer (2017). Nature Communications, 172, 8. doi:10.1038/s41467-017-00197-0

  10. "Southern Ocean [in “State of the Climate in 2016”]"
    Mazloff, M.R., J.-B.Sallée J-B, V.V. Menezes VV, A.M.Macdonald, M.P. Meredith, L. Newman, V. Pellichero, F. Roquet, S. Swart, A. Wåhlin.  2017. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc.. 98(8), SXX-SXX.

  11. "Estimates of Water-Column Nutrients and Carbonate System Parameters in the Global Ocean: A Novel Approach Based on Neural Networks"
    Sauzède R., H. Claustre, O. P. de Fommervault, H. Bittig, J.-P. Gattuso, L. Legendre, and K. S. Johnson (2017).  Front. Mar. Sci. 4:128. doi:10.3389/fmars.2017.00128

  12. "Developing chemical sensors to observe the health of the global ocean"
    Johnson, K. S. (2017). IEEE Transducers 2017. doi:10.1109/TRANSDUCERS.2017.7993975

  13.  "Importance of mesoscale eddies and mean circulation in ventilation of the Southern Ocean"
     Kamenkovich, I., Z. Garraffo, R. Pennel, and R. A. Fine (2017). J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 122, 2724–2741, doi:10.1002/2016JC012292.

  14. "Calculating surface ocean pCO2 from biogeochemical Argo floats equipped with pH: an uncertainty analysis"
    Williams, N. L., L. W. Juranek, R. A. Feely, K. S. Johnson, J. L. Sarmiento, L. D. Talley, J. L. Russell, S. C. Riser, A. G. Dickson, A. R. Gray, R. Wanninkhof, and Y. Takeshita (2017). Global Biogeochemical Cycles., 31(3), doi:10.1002/2016GB005541.

  15. "Wind modulation of upwelling at the shelf-break front off Patagonia: Observational evidence"
    Carranza, M. M., S. T. Gille, A. R. Piola, M. Charo, and S. I. Romero (2017), J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 122, 2401–2421, doi:10.1002/2016JC012059.


  1. "In situ phase-domain calibration of oxygen optodes on profiling floats"
    Drucker, R. and S. C. Riser (2016).  Methods in Oceanography, 17, 206-318, doi:10.1016/j.mio.2016.09.007.

  2. "Assessing recent trends in high-latitude Southern Hemisphere surface climate"
    Jones, J. M., S. T. Gille, H. Goosse, N. J. Abram, P. O. Canziani, D. J. Charman, K. R. Clem, X. Crosta, C. de Lavergne, I. Eisenman, M. H. England, R. L. Fogt, L. M. Frankcombe, G. J. Marshall, V. Masson-Delmotte, A. K. Morrison, A. J. Orsi, M. N. Raphael, J. A. Renwick, D. P. Schneider, G. R. Simpkins, E. J. Steig, B. Stenni, D. Swingedouw and T. R. Vance (2016). Nature Climate Change, 6, 917-926, doi:10.1038/NCLIMATE3103.

  3. "Temporal changes in the Antarctic Circumpolar Current: Implications for the Antarctic continental shelves"
    Gille, S. T., D. C. McKee, and D. G. Martinson (2016). Oceanography, 29(4), 96-105, https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2016.102.

  4. "Bringing biogeochemistry into the Argo age"
    Johnson, Kenneth S., and H. Claustre (2016).  Eos, 97, doi:10.1029/2016EO062427.

  5. "Substantial energy input to the mesopelagic ecosystem from the seasonal mixed-layer pump"
    Dall'Olmo, G., J. Dingle, L. Polimene, R.J.W. Brewin and H. Claustre (2016). Nature Geoscience, doi: 10.1038/NGEO2818.

  6. "An advective mechanism for Deep Chlorophyll Maxima formation in southern Drake Passage"
    Erickson Z.K, A.F. Thompson, N. Cassar, J. Sprintall, and M.R. Mazloff (2016). Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, doi:10.1002/2016GL070565.

  7. "The effect of the Kerguelen Plateau on the ocean circulation"
    Wang, J., M.R. Mazloff, S.T. Gille (2016). J. Phys. Oceanogr., doi: 10.1175/JPO-D-15-0216.1.

  8. "How does Subantarctic Mode Water ventilate the Southern Hemisphere subtropics?"
    Jones, D. C., A.J.S. Meijers, E. Shuckburgh, J.-B. Sallée, P. Haynes, E. Karczewska, and M.R. Mazloff (2016). J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 121 (9), doi:10.1002/2016JC011680.

  9. "Profiling float-based observations of net respiration beneath the mixed layer"
    Hennon, T.D., S.C. Riser, S. Mecking (2016). Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 30, 920–932. doi:10.1002/2016GB005380.

  10. "Meridional overturning transports at 30°S in the Indian and Pacific Oceans in 2002-2003 and 2009" 
    Hernandez-Guerra, A. and L. D. Talley (2016). Progress in Oceanography, 146, 89–120. doi:10.1016/j.pocean.2016.06.005.

  11. "Zonal variations in the Southern Ocean heat budget"
    Tamsitt, V., L. Talley, M. Mazloff, I. Cerovecki (2016). J. Climate, 9 (18). doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0630.1

  12. "Water mass transformation by sea ice in the upper branch of the Southern Ocean overturning"
    Abernathey, R.P., I. Cerovecki, P. Holland, E. Newsom, M. Mazloff and L. D. Talley (2016).  Nature Geosciences, 9, 596–601. doi:10.1038/ngeo2749

  13. "Bottom pressure torque and the vorticity balance from observations in Drake Passage"
    Firing, Y.L., Chereskin T.K., Watts R.D., Mazloff M.R. (2016). Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans, 121, 6, 4282–4302. doi:10.1002/2016JC011682

  14. "An oceanic heat transport pathway to the Amundsen Sea Embayment"
    Rodriguez, A. R., M. R. Mazloff, and S. T. Gille (2016). Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans, 121, 5, 3337–3349.

  15. "Mechanisms of Southern Ocean Heat Uptake and Transport in a Global Eddying Climate Model"
    Morrison, A. K, S.M. Griffies, M. Winton, W.G. Anderson, and J.L Sarmiento (2016). Journal of Climate, 29, 2059–2075.

  16. "Empirical Algorithms to Estimate Water Column pH in the Southern Ocean"
    Williams, N. L., L. W. Juranek, K. S. Johnson, R. A. Feely, S. C. Riser, L. D. Talley, J. L. Russell, J. L. Sarmiento, and R. Wanninkhof (2016).  Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, 7, 3415–3422

  17. "Stratified tidal flow over a tall ridge above and below the turning latitude"
    Musgrave, R. C., R. Pinkel, J. A. MacKinnon, Matthew R. Mazloff and W. R. Young (2016).  Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 793, 933-957.

  18. "Rapid variability of Antarctic Bottom Water transport into the Pacific Ocean inferred from GRACE"
    ​Mazloff, M. and C. Boening (2016). Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, 8, 3822–3829.

  19. "Accurate oxygen measurements on modified Argo floats using in situ air calibrations"
    ​Bushinsky, S. M., S. R. Emerson, S. C. Riser, and D. D. Swift. (2016). Limnol. Oceanogr. Methods, doi:10.1002/lom3.10107.

  20. "Deep-Sea DuraFET: A pressure tolerant pH sensor designed for global sensor networks"
    Johnson, K. S., H. W. Jannasch, L. J. Coletti, V. A. Elrod,  T. R. Martz, Y. Takeshita, R. J. Carlson, J. G. Connery (2016). Analytical Chemistry.

  21. ​"Fifteen years of ocean observations with the global Argo array"
    Riser, S.C., H.J. Freeland, D. Roemmich, S. Wijffels, A. Troisi, M. Belbéoch, D. Gilbert, J. Xu, S. Pouliquen, A. Thresher, P. Le Traon, G. Maze,  B. Klein, M. Ravichandran, F. Grant, P. Poulain, T. Suga, B. Lim, A. Sterl, P. Sutton, K. Mork, P. J. Vélez-Belchí, I. Ansorge, B. King,  J. Turton, M. Baringer & S. R. Jayne (2016). Nature Climate Change, 6, 145–153.

  22. "The spatiotemporal structure of diabatic processes governing the evolution of Subantarctic Mode Water in the Southern Ocean"
    ​Cerovečki, I. and M. Mazloff (2016). Journal of Physical Oceanography, 46, 683-710.

  23. ​"Air oxygen calibration of oxygen optodes on a profiling float array"
    Johnson, K. S., J. N. Plant, S. C. Riser, and D. Gilbert (2016). Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 32, 2160–2172, 2016.


  1. "Complex functionality with minimal computation: promise and pitfalls of reduced-tracer ocean biogeochemistry model"
    Galbraith E. D., J. P. Dunne, A. Gnanadesikan, R. D. Slater, J. L. Sarmiento, C. O. Dufour, G. F. de Souza, D. Bianchi, M. Claret, K. B. Rodgers, S. S. Marvasti (2015). Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 7, 2012-2028.

  2. "Role of mesoscale eddies in cross-frontal transport of heat and biogeochemical tracers in the Southern Ocean"
    C.O. Dufour, S.M., Griffies, G.F. de Souza, I. Frenger, A.K. Morrison, J.B. Palter, J.L. Sarmiento, E.D. Galbraith, J.P. Dunne, W.G. Anderson, R.D. Slater (2015). J. Phys. Oceanogr., 45, 3057–3081.

  3. "Topographic form stress in the Southern Ocean State Estimate"
    ​Masich, J., T. K. Chereskin, and M. R. Mazloff (2015). J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 120, 7919–7933.

  4. "Quantifying anthropogenic carbon inventory changes in the Pacific Sector of the Southern Ocean"
    Williams, N.L., R. A. Feely, C.L. Sabine, A.G. Dickson, J.H. Swift, L.D. Talley, J.L. Russell (2015). Marine Chemistry, 174,147–160.

  5. "Southern Ocean wind-driven entrainment enhances satellite chlorophyll-a through the summer"
    ​Carranza and S.T. Gille (2015). Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans, 120, 304-323.

  6. Upwelling in the Southern Ocean
    A.K. Morrison, T.L. Froelicher, J.L. Sarmiento (2015). Physics Today, 68, 1.


Submitted publications

  • "Observing the ice covered Weddell Sea with profiling floats: position uncertainties and correlation statistics"
    Chamberlain, P., L.D. Talley, M. Mazloff, S. Riser, K. Speer, A.R. Gray. J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, submitted.

  • "Oxygen in the Southern Ocean from Argo floats: determination of processes driving air-sea fluxes and preformed oxygen in mode waters." Bushinsky, S. M., A. R. Gray, K. S. Johnson, and J. L. Sarmiento, JGR - Oceans, submitted.

  • "Observing seasonal cycles in pH and aragonite saturation state in the Southern Ocean and projections for long-term change"
    Williams, N. L., R. A. Feely, L. W. Juranek, J. L. Russell, and K. S. Johnson. JGR - Oceans, submitted.

  • "Preconditioning of the Weddell Sea polynya by the ocean mesoscale and dense water overflows"
    Dufour, C. O., A. K. Morrison, S. M. Griffies, I. Frenger, H. Zanowski, M. Winton, submitted, Journal of Climate.

  • "Nutrient-poor, slowly sinking organic matter in the Sargasso Sea – A hypothesis and supporting evidence."
    Fawcett, S.E., K.S. Johnson, S.C. Riser, N.Van Oostende, and D.M. Sigman, submitted, Limnology and Oceanography.

  • "Direct observation of the three-dimensional meridional overturning circulation in the Southern Ocean"
    Gray, A. R. and S. C. Riser, in review, Science


  1. Bringing biogeochemistry into the Argo age
    Johnson, K. S., and H. Claustre (2016), Eos, 97.
  2. Anthropogenic carbon and heat uptake by the ocean: Will the Southern Ocean remain a major sink?  
    Dufour, C. O., I. Frenger, T. L. Frolicher, A. R. Gray, S. M. Griffes, A. K. Morrison, J. L. Sarmiento, and S. A. Schlunegger (2015). US CLIVAR Variations, 13(4), Fall, pp. 1-8.
  3. Estimating Southern Ocean air-sea fluxes from models and observations
    Gille, S., I. Cerovečki, M. Mazloff, and V. Tamsitt (2015). US CLIVAR Variations, 13(4), Fall, pp. 8-12.
  4. Workshop Summary: Air-Sea Fluxes in the Southern Ocean
    ​Gille, S. (2015), September 21-23, Frascati, Italy, CliC News, 21 October.
  5. Workshop: Southern Ocean Air-Sea Fluxes, 21-23 September 2015 - Frascati, Italy
    Mazloff, M. and S. Swart (2015).  SOOS Newsletter.
  6. Air-Sea Fluxes for the Southern Ocean: Strategies and Requirements for Detecting Physical and Biogeochemical Exchanges
    ​Gille, S., S. Josey, and and S. Swart (2016). Eos, 13 May.
  7. State estimation for determining the properties and sensitivities of the Southern Ocean carbon cycle
    Mazloff, M., and A. Verdy (2015). US CLIVAR Variations, 13(4), Fall, pp. 20-25.
  8. Biogeochemical metrics for the evaluation of the Southern Ocean in Earth system models
    Russell, J.R. and I. Kamenkovich (2015). US CLIVAR Variations, 13(4), Fall, pp. 26-31.
  9. The Southern Ocean Carbon and Climate Observations and Modeling Program (SOCCOM)
    Russell, J.R., J.L. Sarmiento, H. Cullen, R. Hotinski, K. Johnson, S. Riser, and L. Talley (2014). Ocean Carbon and Biogeochemistry Newsletter, Fall, pp. 1-5.